The LOSA Collaborative is widely recognized throughout the aviation industry as the world’s first and leading organization in LOSA implementation, conducting LOSAs with Airlines, Helicopter Operators and Military Forces around the world.

The timeline below shows our history and lists key stakeholders that have contributed to the success of LOSA and TEM.


The LOSA Collaborative surpasses 25,000 LOSA observations collected.


HNZ Group (NZ) is The LOSA Collaborative’s first offshore helicopter company to implement a LOSA.


The LOSA Collaborative is awarded the Flight Safety Foundation-Airbus Human Factors in Aviation Safety Award in Abu Dhabi.


The LOSA report for EBT gets published by IATA.


The 100th LOSA conducted by The LOSA Collaborative occurs at Singapore Airlines; it’s their third LOSA overall.


The LOSA Collaborative is awarded the Cumberbatch Trophy by the Honourable Company of Air Pilots at Guildhall in London, England.


Delta Airlines implements our 75th LOSA project.


The United States Air Force (USAF) Air Mobility Command becomes The LOSA Collaborative’s first military organization to implement a LOSA.


Air Methods becomes The LOSA Collaborative’s first HEMS client.


The LOSA Collaborative conducts its 50th LOSA with Mexicana Airlines.


LOSA is formally recognized by the FAA as a Voluntary Safety Program with the publication of Advisory Circular 120.90.


Asiana Airlines implements the 25th LOSA conducted by The LOSA Collaborative.


ICAO recognizes LOSA as a Standard and Recommended Practice (SARP) with the publication of Doc 9803 – Line Operations Safety Audit.


Continental Airlines introduces the first known TEM training course to their pilots.


Continental Airlines becomes the first follow-up customer for The LOSA Collaborative, determining the effectiveness of change introduced as a result of the first LOSA.


ICAO endorses LOSA as the primary tool to develop countermeasures to human errors in aviation operations and makes it the central focus of its Flight Safety and Human Factors Program (Source – ICAO Document 9803).


The TEM framework is presented to the public for the first time at the International Symposium on Aviation Psychology in Columbus, Ohio.


Continental Airlines implements the first LOSA based on Threat and Error Management (TEM) and is recognized as the first LOSA conducted by The LOSA Collaborative.

Members of The LOSA Collaborative would like to recognize the FAA for funding line operations safety audit and threat and error management research during our time at The University of Texas through AAR-100.

LOSA and TEM would not have been possible without that support. Thank you.

We also thank the many aviation safety practitioners and researchers that have supported and paved the way for LOSA and TEM over the years. We truly stand on your shoulders.